Swallowing Difficulty (Dysphagia)  

Problems swallowing can develop anywhere from the back of the throat down to the stomach. Strictures (narrowings), webs or diverticuli (pouches) can develop in the pharynx or oesophagus. Tumours can block the swallowing passage. A common cause is dysmotility which is a lack of coordination of the muscle contractions of the swallowing mechanism.


Fibreoptic endoscopy, videofluoroscopy, barium swallow, 24 hour pH manometry.